Relative peripheral myopia induced by fractal contact lenses

PURPOSE: To assess the peripheral refraction induced by Fractal Contact Lenses (FCLs) in myopic eyes by means of a two-dimensional Relative Peripheral Refractive Error (RPRE) map. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved 26 myopic subjects ranging from -0.50 D to -7.00 D. FCLs prototypes were custom-manufactured and characterized. Corneal topographies were taken in order to assess correlations between corneal asphericity and lens decentration. Two-dimensional RPREs were measured with an open-field autorefractor at 67 points, covering the central 60 × 30 degrees of the visual field. The bidimensional RPRE vector components: M, J0 and J45 of the difference between the values obtained with and without the FCLs in the eye were obtained. Additionally, the FCL-induced peripheral refraction in tangential and sagittal planes was computed along the horizontal meridian. RESULTS: Induced by the FCLs, significant differences for all vector components were found in the peripheral retina. FCLs were decentered a mean of 0.7 ± 0.19 mm to the temporal cornea. The two-dimensional RPRE maps manifested the FCLs decentration. In particular, M varied asymmetrically between nasal and temporal retina after fitting the FCLs with a significant increment of the myopic shift beyond 10º (p < 0.05). No correlations were found between the amount of lens decentration and the asphericity of the cornea along temporal and nasal sides. However, significant correlations were found between the corneal asphericity and vector components of the RPRE in naked eyes. FCLs produced an increasing myopic shift in tangential and sagittal power errors along the horizontal meridian. CONCLUSIONS: As predicted by ray-tracing simulations, FCLs fitted in myopic eyes produce a myopic shift of the RPRE. The two-dimensional RPRE maps show information about the lens performance that is hidden in the conventional one-dimensional meridional representations.